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DIRECTOR’S CORNER

From the Director's Desk: – MAY is National Stroke Awareness Month

 

National Stroke Awareness Month began in May 1989 after President George H. W. Bush signed the Presidential Proclamation 5975.  National Stroke Awareness Month aims to increase the public awareness about the warning signs of stroke, symptoms of a stroke, stroke prevention, and the impact of stroke on survivors, families and caregivers.

The United States Government, along with National Stroke Association, the American Heart Association, and other non-profits, work together to educate the American people about the prevention of stroke and provide key resources to stroke survivors.

About Stroke

A stroke happens when a blood clot blocks blood flow to the brain. This causes brain tissue to become damaged or die.A stroke, sometimes called a brain attack, occurs when something blocks blood supply to part of the brain or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts.In either case, parts of the brain become damaged or die. A stroke can cause lasting brain damage, long-term disability, or even death.Learn about the health conditions and lifestyle habits that can increase your risk for stroke.

What happens in the brain during a stroke?

The brain controls our movements, stores our memories, and is the source of our thoughts, emotions, and language. The brain also controls many functions of the body, like breathing and digestion.To work properly, your brain needs oxygen. Your arteries deliver oxygen-rich blood to all parts of your brain. If something happens to block the flow of blood, brain cells start to die within minutes, because they can’t get oxygen. This causes a stroke.

What are the types of stroke?

The type of stroke you have affects your treatment and recovery.

There are two types of stroke: Ischemic stroke & Hemorrhagic stroke.

What are the signs of stroke in men and women?

Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body.

Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding speech.

Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.

Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance, or lack of coordination.

Sudden severe headache with no known cause.

Call 9-1-1 right away if you or someone else has any of these symptoms.

Act F.A.S.T. to identify stroke

The stroke treatments that work best are available only if the stroke is recognized and diagnosed within 3 hours of the first symptoms. Stroke patients may not be eligible for these if they don’t arrive at the hospital in time.

If you think someone may be having a stroke, act F.A.S.T. and do the following test:

F—Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?

A—Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?

S—Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is the speech slurred or strange?

T—Time: If you see any of these signs, call 9-1-1 right away.

Note the time when any symptoms first appear. This information helps health care providers determine the best treatment for each person.

Do not drive to the hospital or let someone else drive you. Call 9-1-1 for an ambulance so that medical personnel can begin life-saving treatment on the way to the emergency room.

*This information can be found at www.cdc.gov*

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